Sunday, March 8, 2009


This is a way of life originally proposed by the Greek philosopher Zeno (333 BC-264 BC) which advocates:

  • That in order to find true happiness, we must learn to be indifferent to external influences.
  • If we can learn this indifference to external events, no matter how horrible (like slavery, torture, rape, imprisonment, etc.), then others will have no power over us in any significant way.
  • That virtue resides in the will; therefore, the exercise of free will alone determines what is good and what is evil.
  • A good life comes from being able to free oneself from desires and passions (stoicism shares this value with Hinduism and Buddhism).
  • Your essential character cannot be destroyed by external events in your life.
  • Virtue consists in a will that is in agreement with the happenings of nature in which all is part of a divine design that is unalterable.
  • That all behavior is ultimately determined by natural laws, but without free will no one can be held responsible for their own actions.
  • That responsibility for becoming good or bad resides with the individual and not with society at large.

from "Ethics in a Nutshell with Cartoons"

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